martes, 15 de junio de 2010


biography of artist Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida Valencia (Valencia, February 27, 1863 - Cercedilla, August 10, 1923) was a Spanish painter and graphic artist. Joaquin Sorolla was one of the most prolific Spanish painter, with more than 2,200 cataloged works

When he was barely 2 years old, parents died in an epidemic Joaquín Sorolla. By being orphaned, her sister Eugenia and he, his aunt Elizabeth, sister of his mother, and her husband, a professional locksmith, picked them up. Over the years tried to teach Joaquin Sorolla, in vain, the trade of locksmith, suddenly realizing that his true vocation was painting. Joaquin Sorolla in 1874 began studying at the Ecole Normale Superieure where he also advised to enroll in night classes in drawing at the School of Craftsmen. In the latter received Joaquin Sorolla in 1879, a box of paints and a diploma as a reward "for their continued application to the figure drawing."Joaquin Sorolla That same year he joined the School of Fine Arts of San Carlos at the same time working in the studio of his uncle, who studied with painters such as Manuel Matoses, Benlliure or Guadalajara.

It was at the Academia de San Carlos where Joaquín Sorolla met another student, Juan Antonio Garcia, brother who later would become his wife, Clotilde García. In 1880 Joaquín Sorolla won a Silver Medal for his work Moro stalking the occasion of his revenge on society's exposure Iris

After completing his training, Joaquin Sorolla began sending their work to provincial competitions and exhibitions of fine arts, like that of Madrid in May 1881, where he presented three marine Valencia who passed almost unnoticed because the paint did not match official of historic and dramatic theme. The following year, Joaquin Sorolla studied the work of Velázquez and others in the Prado Museum. Finally, in 1883, Joaquín Sorolla won a medal in the Regional Exhibition of Valencia and in 1884, rose to glory to get second-class medal at the National Exhibition through his work Defense Artillery Park Monteleón, melodramatic work dark and made expressly for the exhibition, as he told a colleague: "Here, to be released and winning medals, it should be dead." Joaquín Sorolla reaped another big hit in Valencia with his work The pallet crit the War of Independence. Thus, Joaquin Sorolla was pensioned by the Provincial Government of Valencia to travel to Rome where, while working, he met classical and Renaissance art and the great museums, also contacted other artists.

Joaquin Sorolla with his friend the painter Pedro Gil moved to Paris in the first half of 1885, living near Impressionist painting that was in it, back in Rome, variations in theme and style, coming to paint the religious picture The burial of Christ, with which it had the expected success.

Joaquin Sorolla In 1888 he married Clotilde Garcia in Valencia, but would live another year in Italy, this time in the town of Assisi. In 1889 he settled in Madrid and in only five years, Joaquin Sorolla achieved some fame and prestige as a painter. Joaquin Sorolla in 1894 traveled to Paris, where he developed the luminous, which would be characteristic of his work from now. Joaquin Sorolla began painting outdoors, masterfully dominating the light and combining it with everyday scenes and landscapes of Mediterranean life. In works such as The Return of fishing, beach or sad legacy Valencia Joaquin Sorolla described the feeling that produced the vision of the Mediterranean Sea, communicating the splendor of a morning on the beach with vibrant color and loose and vigorous style. With Joaquin Sorolla was sad legacy, in 1900, the Grand Prix at international contest in Paris. Joaquin Sorolla also continued with his work for social criticism that had been reported so successful in recent years with works such as I faced the peix és diuen car (1 895).

At that time, Valencia was named favorite son and meritorious, and was given its name to a street. After many travels in Europe, especially England and France, Joaquin Sorolla an exhibition in Paris with more than five hundred works, which gave international recognition unusual, knowing his paintings throughout Europe and America. Joaquin Sorolla exhibited his work in New York in 1909 and achieved a success without precedent, with works such as Sun afternoon or swimmers, among many others. So did, in 1911, the City of Saint Louis Art Museum and the Art Institute of Chicago. In November of that year, Joaquin Sorolla signed an order for the Hispanic Society of America to be conducted by the fourteen murals that decorate the halls of the institution. With this work, carried out between 1913 and 1919 and twelve feet high by seventy feet long, raised an indelible monument to Spain, as it is depicting scenes from various provinces features Spanish and Portuguese. Joaquin Sorolla needed for most of the year 1912 to travel around the country, making sketches and customs and landscapes. In this work are the oil paintings in 1916 dedicated to children and women on the beaches of Valencia, where freedom prevails and the light touch of his land. Some examples are mother and daughter or Fisher Valencia. It also stressed, out of this issue, its immense canvas Vision of Spain.

Another important facet of Joaquin Sorolla was the portraitist of prominent figures as were Juan Ramon Jimenez, King Alfonso XIII, Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Ortega y Gasset, etc. Also, in 1914, Joaquín Sorolla academic was appointed and when he finished work for the Hispanic Society, a professor of composition and color in the School of Fine Arts in Madrid. Joaquin Sorolla's painting represented the direct application of the luminous landscape and the figure, thus bringing this trend to society of the time.

In 1920, while Joaquin Sorolla painted a portrait of Mrs. Perez de Ayala in the garden of his home in Madrid, suffered an attack of hemiplegia which shrank drastically their physical and mental. Joaquin Sorolla died at his home in Cercedilla on August 10, 1923.

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